Source for data about Computer use in the United States: Computer and Internet Use in the United States: 2013, Table 5 (estimating the lowest metropolitan areas for internet use for individuals) avail at:

Source for Texas Broadband access usage data: Home Broadband Rates, ConnectedTexas,

v – See A Historically Underutilized Business Disparity Study of State Contracting 2009 Final Report, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts, March 30, 2010, page xiv,

vi – For example, Irving ISD spent a total of $8,329, out of a $342 million dollar budget, on public notice (that is 0.0024%).

vii – TDNA/TPA Internal Survey.

viii – See City of Meadows Place, Adopted Budget, FYE Sept. 30, 2012, 

ix – TML reported spending $138,000 on “lobbying,”ix and $785,490 on “Legislative Services”ix and over $650,000 in salaries to executives who are registered lobbyists in its 2010-11 fiscal year. See Texas Municipal League, 2010 form 990, Part IX, line 11(d); Part III, line 4b; Part VII. Salaries of registered lobbyists included: Executive Director Frank Sturlz- $309,412; Executive Director Bennett Sandlin- $162,320; Deputy Executive Director Shanna Igo- $259,364; Executive Director of Legal Services Scott Houston- $129,602; Assistant Director of Legislative Services Monty Winn- $103,077.Id.

x – Id.

xi – See March 15, 2012 letter from James Crow, Executive Director of TASB to Ray Braswell, Superintendent of Denton ISD.